Dubai, Dec 5 (EFE).- COP28 toughens its language on the end of fossil fuels to tackle the climate crisis, as reflected in the Global Balance proposal on which countries will negotiate in the coming days, in which they must specify the way to raise ambition against global warming.
After several days of negotiation at the climate summit hosted by Dubai (United Arab Emirates), the COP28 presidency published a preliminary version of the Global Balance in the early hours of Tuesday, in which it offers countries different options with which reinforce climate action.
The most anticipated thing about this text, and the request of the European Union bloc and the small island states, was the mention of the end of fossil fuels, which appears along with other options such as tripling renewable capacity between now and 2030, doubling rate of energy efficiency improvement or ending “inefficient” subsidies for dirty energy.
This draft of the Global Balance proposes, among the options – which may still fall from the text -, “rapidly” eliminating in this decade all coal-fired power generation that does not have mitigation techniques, as well as an “immediate cessation” of the authorization of new coal plants.
It recognizes in this sense that the IPCC, the UN climate specialist group, suggests reducing the use of coal without mitigation by 75% by 2030 compared to 2019 levels in order to meet the objective of the Paris Agreement: limit warming so that it does not exceed one and a half degrees of temperature (from pre-industrial levels).
Other innovations applauded by experts are the schedule for reducing methane emissions included in the document, to cut them by at least 30% by 2030 and by 40% by 2035; and the deployment of zero-emission vehicles, an unprecedented reference in multilateral climate change mitigation agreements.
“We are still far from a guaranteed result,” commented climate diplomacy expert from the E3G think tank Tom Evans, who nevertheless assessed that the proposal of the COP28 presidency has “all the ingredients” for the final result of this summit is “ambitious”.
In the second week of the summit, in which the ministers resume the more political negotiations, the countries will have to limit the different alternatives that the text reflects for now: for example, whether an abandonment of all fossil fuel production should be scheduled or only one that does not have emissions mitigation technologies, such as carbon capture and storage systems.
This is one of the controversial points of the future Global Balance: some countries wanted the limitations of these technologies (called CCS, for its acronym in English) – about which there is still a lot of skepticism due to their ineffectiveness and their capacity for expansion – to be reflected. in the text, but there are no references to those limitations in the proposal.
Analysts also miss “stronger language” with regard to financing from a principle of justice and adaptation, one of the issues that can block the negotiation since the funds directed at adaptation “have been decreasing,” as Gabriele Swaby pointed out from E3G, who however appreciated that the text recognizes that adaptation actions “are not enough.”
The document came out at a time when the climate summit had been marred by some controversial statements by the president of COP28, Sultan Al Yaber, who a few days before the summit asserted in an online meeting that “there is no science that say that the progressive abandonment of fossil fuels is what is going to make us comply with 1.5 ºC.”
Al Yaber, who also heads the Abu Dhabi state oil company (ADNOC), was forced to clarify that he “believes in science” and reiterate that the abandonment of fossil fuels is “inevitable”, supported by the president of the IPCC, the British scientist Jim Skea.
“The UAE probably needs to realize, and I’m sure they are very aware, that if they are not able to achieve this result or something good enough on fossil fuels, the majority will be quick to point the finger at them and there will be this political pain to deal with. They will have to count,” said Evans.
“I think the pressure is real and the only way for them to respond is to play that role,” he added.
Environment Editorial, Dec 5 (EFE).- Endesa’s Just Transition project in Andorra has been awarded at the COP28 climate summit in Dubai for being one of the most innovative private sector initiatives in the category of renewable energies, integration and energy clean, within the Energy Transition Changemakers award.
The award represents international recognition for this project that last year won the access capacity competition in the Just Transition zone of Andorra convened by the Ministry of Ecological Transition and the Demographic Challenge, Endesa recalls in a press release published today.
The company has designed a future plan for the area where its thermal power plant was located, currently being dismantled.
The Presidency of the United Nations Conference on Climate Change (COP28) was looking for projects to accelerate the energy transition that would change the rules of the game and benefit the entire society.
The award recognizes private sector initiatives that develop innovative, globally scalable projects that demonstrate solutions to help in the energy transition.
“The project perfectly materializes this idea of leaving no one behind,” explained Jorge Pina, Endesa’s environmental director during the award collection in Dubai.
“It represents a before and after, because it was approached from different perspectives than conventional ones,” commented Pina.
“To address the problem of depopulation, we integrate from the design phase the technological and energy components with the socioeconomic needs of the area through collaborative schemes, as well as the effort of public planning and the private implementation of measures to correct those situations”.
For all these reasons, “it constitutes a reference that will improve knowledge and promote the advancement of new developments that increasingly support the penetration of renewable energies and contribute to the maintenance of the rural population and guarantee a fair transition.”
Dubai, Dec 5 (EFE).- COP28 breaks a new record for polluting energy ‘lobbyists’ registered at climate summits, with 2,456 representatives of fossil fuel companies. If this industry were a delegation, it would be the third largest at the meeting.
This is stated in a report published this Tuesday by the Kick Big Polluters Out coalition, which analyzed the provisional list of attendees at COP28 and specifies that only Brazil – which will host COP30 – exceeds that number, with 3,081 people. accredited, and the United Arab Emirates, the host country of COP28, with 4,409.
The document, which is published every year to highlight the pressure from the most polluting energy industry in these international climate negotiations, was published on the COP28 day dedicated to energy, and in which announcements and commitments are expected related to the decarbonization of this sector.
“Fossil fuel lobby groups have received more passes to COP28 than all the delegates from the ten most climate vulnerable nations combined (1,509),” highlight the authors, who clarify that their calculations are “conservative” since they only have take into account summit registrants who have “openly revealed” their connections to this industry.
At COP28, as a novelty compared to previous summits, to be accredited, attendees had to indicate on behalf of which organization they planned to attend the meeting and, if they preferred not to provide that information, they would be included in a list.
The document also specifies that the majority of those registered who have been identified as having links to the fossil fuel industry (nine out of ten people) come from northern countries, what is sometimes called the “Global North”, in allusion to the main economic powers and main emitting countries.
Although the Kick Big Polluters Out report has focused on lobbying by the fossil fuel industry, the authors argue that companies and their lobbyists’ access to UN climate negotiations is not limited. to that sector, since other polluting industries, “deeply involved in the climate crisis, such as finance, agribusiness and transportation,” are also present.
The COP28 that these days the city-emirate of Dubai is hosting has been criticized by civil society, which reproaches that it takes place in an oil-producing country and is chaired by Sultan Al Yaber, director of the Abu Dhabi State Oil Company (ADNOC). , for its acronym in English).