Should we get away from fossil fuels or is it better to avoid the question once again? All options remain open on the sixth day of the 28th UN climate conference, while global warming shows no respite.
– Open options
The second version of the text which will serve as a basis for discussion with a view to adoption by the end of the COP was made public on Tuesday at 5:00 a.m. local time. It summarizes in 24 pages the different options put forward by the approximately 200 countries which are negotiating feverishly in Dubai.
Their divergent views are reflected in the different options left open on the question of the future of fossil fuels, at the heart of COP28.
From an “orderly and fair exit from fossil fuels” to nothing at all on the subject, all options are on the table, suggesting fierce battles between now and the theoretical end of COP28 on December 12.
– “Call them!”
The Saudi Energy Minister said he was “absolutely” opposed to an agreement on a reduction in fossil fuels, showing the extent to which the traditional camps are sticking to their positions.
“And I assure you that no one – I’m talking about governments – believes it,” Prince Abdelaziz bin Salman said in an interview given from Riyadh to Bloomberg, broadcast on Monday.
“I would like to challenge anyone who…is saying publicly that we need to (reduce fossil fuels), I will give you their name and number, call them and ask them how they plan to do it.”
– “The elephant in the room”
“We currently have no visibility on the balance of the agreement in the proposed texts, since all options are on the table today,” Laurence Tubiana, architect of the agreement, told AFP. historic Paris agreement in 2015.
Negotiations “are difficult because we are at a time when everything is on the table and we cannot see the balance point”.
“It is on the one hand normal at this stage of the negotiations but it promises to be particularly difficult because we are talking about the elephant in the room which is fossil fuels and in a very direct way,” he says. her in an interview in Dubai.
It is “now inevitable” that the threshold of 1.5°C of global warming will be exceeded “constantly” and there is a one in two chance that this will happen in just seven years, scientists from the Global Carbon Project.
According to this reference study, CO2 emissions produced by the use of coal, gas and oil worldwide for heating, lighting or driving should in fact reach a new record in 2023.
– “False solutions”
“Despite their promises, governments have not done enough to reduce projected future warming, with some turning instead to false solutions like carbon capture and storage to perpetuate the world’s dependence on fossil fuels.” , estimates the Climate Action Tracker in its latest assessment, also published on Tuesday.
According to this study, climate commitments made by countries around the world lead to warming of 2.5˚C by the end of the century. This figure reflects their commitments formalized in the “nationally determined contributions” (NDC) by 2030.
The report notes that the Emirates, hosts of COP28, have strengthened their commitments but “will not be able to achieve them with their current policies”, pointing in particular to the 150 billion dollars of investments planned in the development of oil and gas. gas.
– “Clear the polluters!”
Dozens of people demonstrated at the entrance to COP28 under an already biting sun Tuesday morning, in front of a large image of a planet in flames.
“Clear the polluters!”, sang the small crowd.
Nearly 2,500 fossil fuel lobbyists have obtained accreditation for the conference, according to a coalition of NGOs on Tuesday.
“I have zero confidence in the fact that the COP will succeed” if “the United Nations continues to allow the fossil fuel industry” to lead the debates, Thomas Harmy Joseph, of the NGO, told AFP American Indigenous Environmental Network.