Dubai, Dec 1 (EFE).- The “priority of priorities” to fight the climate crisis is for the richest countries to “exit fossil fuels,” French President Emmanuel Macron said this Friday.
The French head of state, in his speech before the plenary session of the COP28 summit, pointed out that another “absolute priority” is for emerging countries to abandon coal and also for the poorest countries not to have to choose between development and climate action.
The French leader admitted that the most developed countries have “a greater responsibility” in fighting climate change, “just like China, which is the second largest emitter historically.”
He indicated that to respect the objective of abandoning fossil energies, the most advanced countries must “multiply by 2.5” the level of effort, although he mentioned that in recent years they have already done so by 2. “Nothing should deviate us from this effort,” he insisted.
He recalled that in Europe all vehicles sold by 2035 will already operate without petroleum derivatives, and that they are working on massive cuts in emissions from sectors such as housing or air and maritime transport.
Macron also assigned responsibility to emerging countries, of which he stated that their “absolute priority” is to get out of coal.
Although he recognized that these countries have the right to economic convergence with the richest, that should not be done “on the basis of coal.
Macron considered it “absurd” that coal-fired power plants with a total installed capacity of 500 GW are currently being planned in the world, especially in Asia, while in other countries work is being done to remove these plants from service to install renewable energy. .
“We have to take an absolute turn on this issue,” urged the French president.
In this sense, he recognized that the G7 countries must set an example by ending their coal plants before 2030, and noted that France will do so in 2027.
He also alluded to the fact that the G7, after COP 26 in Glasgow, already launched a 50 billion dollar program, to which Vietnam, South Africa and Indonesia have already joined, to reduce their energy dependence on coal.
Finally, Macron emphasized the goal that the populations of developing countries “do not have to choose between the fight against poverty and the fight against the climate.”
To this end, he asked to help African countries develop their agriculture so as not to depend on food imports, but “in a cleaner way.”
And it also proposed specific strategies and programs for the poorest countries and those in an intermediate situation, since their development and climate action needs are different.
Dubai, Dec 1 (EFE).- The President of France, Emmanuel Macron, today firmly defended at COP28 the integration of the climate fight into international trade agreements, which is one of the main reasons for his country’s objections to the negotiation of the trade agreement between the European Union and Mercosur.
The French president pointed out that not aligning these two elements is an “aberration that I would like to put on the table” when speaking at the climate summit being held in Dubai.
“We invest to green our industries on a national and regional scale, but we continue to liberalize imports of polluting products internationally as if it does not matter,” he continued.
For Macron, giving up these ecological demands is “a losing bet” in the face of climate objectives, but also “demoralizing”, since if within a country “efforts” are demanded from producers to decarbonize sectors such as agriculture, introduce Without barriers polluting products from outside are meaningless.
“Our producers will not follow us and they will be right, because it is absurd,” he stressed.
Macron thus defended in the most important forum on climate what has been one of Paris’s major objections in the negotiations between the European Union (EU) and Mercosur, although without directly naming the bloc formed by Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay. .
Instead of limiting this principle to a specific agreement, Macron insisted that climate rules must be incorporated into the World Trade Organization (WTO), to align the international trading system with the objectives of the Paris Climate Agreement, something that also It would affect large, highly polluting commercial powers like China.
He launched proposals such as subsidizing ecological industries if this results in a climate benefit, and that to avoid competition problems this be supervised by the WTO; or liberalize trade in green goods over that of products from polluting industries, “so that the ecological transition spreads much further.”
He also mentioned taxing coal “as the EU does,” which Macron said “is not trade discrimination” as long as it is done in favor of achieving carbon neutrality by 2050. “It should not be an instrument to block trade but someone needs to verify it,” he stressed.
Dubai, Dec 1 (EFE).- The president of France, Emmanuel Macron, and the prime minister of India, Narendra Modi, agreed that the reduction of coal, a fossil energy on which the Asian country depends in particular, is a “priority.” good measure, and opted for civil nuclear energy as a decarbonized alternative.
“The two leaders have agreed that reducing coal consumption is a priority,” Elysée reported in a statement, at the end of the interview between both leaders at the COP28 in Dubai, in which any mention of the war was omitted. of Ukraine or the conflict between Israel and Palestine.
The French presidency did not give details about the pace of this reduction and simply recalled that the two countries agree to comply with what was agreed in Paris last June, when Macron brought together a good part of the southern countries to discuss a new global financial architecture.
In that pact, they agreed that no State has to choose between development and protection of the planet.
Macron “has insisted on the need to invest more on a global scale in decarbonized energies, especially civil nuclear and the conversion of existing coal plants.” France is considered one of the main nuclear energy powers.
India, which last April surpassed China as the most populous country in the world, according to UN projections, is the second largest consumer of coal on the planet and the third in CO2 emissions.
The interview between the two, which continues those that began on July 14, when Modi was the guest of honor at the French National Day, also addressed bilateral relations in “strategic” areas such as weapons, the nuclear sector, space and Artificial Intelligence.