Climate information is increasingly relevant to society. (Infobae/Jovani Pérez)
Weather forecasts, based on observation and mathematical models, help predict the state of the atmosphere at a given time and location based on records such as temperature, humidity, pressure, precipitation or wind.
Weather forecasts are exercises that have been carried out for hundreds of years, even before the Christian era, basically based on the observation of cloud patterns, wind, and the time of year, although initially these were not very accurate.
It was not until the emergence of new technologies (such as computers) that mathematical models began to be implemented that made it possible to achieve more accurate predictions, becoming a fundamental factor for transportation (land, sea or air), agriculture, tourism, disaster prevention, public health and even military operations, beyond deciding whether or not to carry an umbrella or what outfit to wear.
Below is the state of the weather for the next few hours in Barcelona:
The probability of rain for this Saturday in Barcelona is 0% during the day and 1% at night.
Meanwhile, cloudiness will be 0% during the day and 0% during the night.
As for the temperature, a maximum of 28 degrees and a minimum of 19 degrees is expected in this region. UV rays are forecast to reach a level of up to 4.
While wind gusts will reach 24 kilometers per hour during the day and 15 kilometers per hour at night.
In Barcelona the maximum temperature is around 30 degrees and the minimum is below zero (Government of Barcelona)
Barcelona is located in the northeast of Spain, on the Mediterranean coast of the Iberian Peninsula, where two types of climate dominate: continental Mediterranean and humid subtropical.
The continental Mediterranean climate occurs mainly south of Barcelona and is characterized by mild winters and dry, warm summers.
While the rainy season in this climate is present mainly during winter or in the intermediate seasons.
For its part, the humid subtropical climate occurs in the northernmost part of the region, which is characterized by cold or mild winters, as well as humid and warm summers.
Meanwhile, there is no rainy season as such in this climate, since rainfall falls well distributed throughout the year.
According to the State Meteorological Agency (Aemet) of Spain, the maximum temperature in Barcelona is around 30 degrees Celsius and occurs in the months of July and August.
In the case of the minimum temperature, Aemet mentions that it is below zero degrees Celsius between December and January.
The months in which the most rain falls in Barcelona are between September and October. While snow days are very few, no more than 10 a year, on average.
Official sources record up to 13 types of climate in Spain, but four predominate (Reuters)
Spain is characterized by being sunny, where the hours of sunshine are around 3 thousand hours a year. The temperatures in this Mediterranean country are mild, however, there are marked differences between seasons and different areas.
Although the Amet registers up to 13 types of climates in Spain, there are actually four that predominate: oceanic, Mediterranean with cool summers, continental Mediterranean and cold steppe.
The oceanic region is characterized by being temperate with cool summers, abundant and well-distributed rainfall throughout the year.
In Spain it appears mainly in the north and west of Galicia, the Cantabrian Sea, the Iberian System, northeast of the northern plateau and a large part of the Pyrenees, except for the highest areas.
The cool summer Mediterranean, as its name suggests, has dry and cool summers, as well as cold or mild winters, while most of the rain falls in winter or intermediate seasons.
This climate covers most of the northern plateau, interior of Galicia and numerous mountainous areas in the center and south of the peninsula. In the Canary Islands, it extends widely throughout the interior of the islands of La Palma, El Hierro, La Gomera and Tenerife, as well as in the highest areas of Gran Canaria.
The continental Mediterranean has mild and rainy winters, as well as dry and hot summers.
This type of climate is present in much of the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. It extends across most of the southern half and the Mediterranean coastal regions, except for the arid areas of the southeast.
As for the cold steppe, the winters are very cold and the summers can be mild or warm, in addition, precipitation is scarce.
This climate extends across the southeast of the peninsula, the Ebro valley, the southern plateau and, to a lesser extent, Extemadura, the Balearic Islands and the center of the northern plateau. They are also observed on all the islands of the Canary archipelago.
During spring and autumn is when the most pleasant weather conditions in Spain are recorded, weather conditions that allow you to enjoy the outdoors practically all day.
Maximum temperatures are reached during July and August, the hottest and driest months in the entire country.
While the minimum temperatures usually occur in January and February, months that also coincide with the rainiest days, mainly in the north of Spain.
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