The Congressional Peace Commission presented its report ‘From the Capitol to the Territory’ in which it warned about the implementation of the peace agreements during the government of Gustavo Petro – credit Jesus Aviles Infobae.
Several congressmen presented the multiparty report ‘From the Capitol to the Territory’ on the balance of the implementation of the Peace Agreement almost seven years after the signing and one year after the Petro Government.
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The outlook is not the best, since legislators are concerned about the deterioration in security, especially for those reinstated and for social leaders. They also drew attention to the slowness in compensation to victims, the stagnation in the collective reparation route, the low execution of resources in key entities for the implementation and the non-compliance in the execution of the Crop Substitution Program for Illicit Use ( PNIS).
On the other hand, the congressmen warned that there are several laws for proper implementation of the agreements that remain unprocessed. The report indicates that 31.7% of the regulations to implement the Agreement are still pending and that Point 1 of the Agreement, on Comprehensive Rural Reform, is the most delayed.
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Those in charge of preparing the report were the members of the Peace Commission of the Congress of the Republic, together with the Ideas for Peace Foundation (FIP). Congressmen such as Humberto de la Calle, David Luna, Cristian Avendaño, Catherine Juvinao, Katherine Miranda, Daniel Carvalho, Jennifer Pedraza, Alirio Uribe, among others, participated in it.
The legislators made more than thirty visits to the territories most affected by violence and monitored indicators of the policies that develop the Peace Agreement.
Low execution of resources: for the Commission there is a low execution of resources in entities of key entities such as the ANT, ART and UARIV, as well as the underexecution of resources, “18.6% of what was planned in the Medium Term Fiscal Framework: they should be $4.67 billion a year,” the report reads.
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Security: the congressmen ask to improve security conditions in the PDET and in PNIS municipalities. “Since the signing of the Agreement in 2016, 2022 has been the year with the highest number of leaders and human rights defenders murdered (215), with Nariño, Cauca, Antioquia and Putumayo being the departments with the highest number of victims,” the report states. and adds that 28 ex-combatants have been killed in 2023.
Access to land: although the report recognizes that the national government has allocated more resources to the formalization of lands, it clarifies that the Government has only delivered 13.7% of those that have entered the Land Fund between August 2022 and May 2023.
Illicit drugs: the report indicated that the non-compliance that has been recorded since the two previous governments regarding the implementation of the National Comprehensive Program for the Substitution of Crops for Illicit Use (PNIS) continues. “Only 3.5% of families have received all the resources from short-cycle productive projects,” the document reads.
“People end up returning to the crops because the project to which they tried to migrate is not sustainable, so there is an institutional failure and in terms of implementation,” said the representative of the Green Alliance, Cristian Avendaño.
Truth, justice, reparation and non-repetition: the congressmen highlighted that the mechanisms of the Comprehensive System of Truth, Justice, Reparation and Non-Repetition carry out their work, but they asked that their results be expedited. He said that the JEP has not issued any sanctions against those responsible for the conflict and asked the Search Unit for Missing Persons to strengthen its search mechanisms.
“As of May 2023, it had received 22,211 search requests and identified 103,955 missing people. In this regard, the UBPD affirms that as of May 2023 it had recovered 811 bodies, which are added to 289 recovered by other entities,” the report explains.
Delay in the implementation of laws: in addition to highlighting that Point 1 of the Agreement is the most delayed in terms of the implementation of laws, the Congressional Peace Commission explained that there is also a delay in legislative matters regarding political reform , the submission of organized crime groups to justice, the differentiated criminal treatment for small growers (illicit crops), the statute to combat money laundering and the reform of the victims’ law.