Climate information is increasingly relevant to society. (Infobae/Jovani Pérez)
Beyond consulting the weather forecast to find out what to wear or whether or not to carry an umbrella, the weather report is an instrument that has become essential for various sectors such as transport (by sky, sea and land). , agriculture, tourism, disaster prevention, public health and even to carry out military operations.
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But if in itself predicting the weather could be complex, another variant is added: climate change, which has made the need to keep up to date in order to act and adopt public policies that reduce disaster risks even more urgent. such as alerts about floods, droughts, icy waves, a bad landing and other related phenomena.
In this context, here is the weather report for the next few hours in Guadalajara:
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In Guadalajara, a maximum temperature of 33 degrees Celsius and a minimum of 18 degrees Celsius are expected.
As for rain, the probability of precipitation for this city will be 1% during the day and 40% throughout the night.
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In the same sense, the cloudiness will be 8% during the day and 23% during the night. While the wind gusts will reach 28 kilometers per hour in the day and 28 kilometers per hour at night.
Beware of the sun, ultraviolet rays are expected to reach a level of up to 14.
The Jalisco capital can be divided into two very marked seasons: humidity or dry weather. (Darkroom)
One of the most important capitals of Mexico, Guadalajara, enjoys a temperate sub-humid subtropical climate that is also very marked in two main seasons differentiated mainly by the humidity or the dry climate.
During the spring the weather is drier and warmer, but May and June are the hottest months in this metropolis, with temperatures around 35 degrees maximum and minimum temperatures of 13 degrees.
The rainy season is present during the summer (June to October), when electrical storms, strong winds and hailstorms are regularly registered, which cause the thermometer to drop to a temperature of 26.5 degrees. The seventh month of the year is the rainiest and the one that brings the greatest number of cloudy days.
By autumn the rains decrease and although there are sunny days, the winds are cold. In the winter the thermometer has an average of 5 degrees with occasional frosts.
Regarding the historical marks, the maximum temperature is recorded on May 6, 1994 when the thermometer rose to 38.7 degrees; while the lowest was recorded on December 14, 1997, when it fell to -7.0 degrees, which resulted in the second snowfall in the city since the first on February 8, 1881.
In Mexico, up to seven types of climate are identified. (Infobae file)
Mexico is one of the countries with the greatest biodiversity in the world, because due to its geographical location, which makes it creditor to a great variety of climates, it has become home to 12% of the world’s species (12,000 of which are endemic).
The country is located in two completely different areas as it is crossed by the Tropic of Cancer: on the one hand is the tropical zone and on the other with a temperate climate, however, these are intermingled by the oceans and reliefs that surround Mexico giving origin to more times.
Given this, it is not surprising to find that in the highest parts of Chihuahua temperatures are around -30 degrees, while in the Mexicali desert the thermometer reaches up to 50 degrees.
The country has a warm rainy zone that includes the low coastal plain of the Gulf of Mexico and the Pacific; warm-humid and warm sub-humid regions that can be found in the coastal plains of the Gulf of Mexico, the Pacific Ocean, the Tehuantepec isthmus, northern Chiapas and the Yucatan Peninsula; dry climate in the Sierra Madre Occidental and Oriental, the upper basins of the Balsas and Papaloapan rivers, parts of the isthmus of Tehuantepec, Yucatán and Chiapas; temperate zones, mostly the territory north of the Tropic of Cancer; and semi-desert, north of the Altiplano.
The average weather in the country is 19 degrees, however, there are cities like Mexicali, Culiacán, Ciudad Juárez, Hermosillo, Torreón, Saltillo or Monterrey where the high temperatures are really extreme.
When talking about the record maximum and minimum temperatures in Mexico, San Luis Río Colorado, a city located in Sonora but bordering the Great Altar Desert of Baja California, rose to 58.5 degrees on July 6, 1966; In contrast, the lowest temperature was recorded on December 27, 1997 in the municipality of Madero in Chihuahua, with -25 degrees.
Experts assure that due to climate change the country will suffer in the future a decrease in annual rainfall and a considerable increase in temperatures; In addition, there have been major effects on farmers and ranchers due to droughts or severe floods in recent years; while in hot weather there has been an increase in the number of environmental contingencies in the main metropolises such as CDMX or Monterrey.
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