Colombia is one of the countries where the most earthquakes are registered in the world. (Infobae/Jovani Pérez)
An earthquake of magnitude 2.4 was felt on July 2 in the municipality of Los Santos, which is located in the department of Santander, according to information released by the Colombian Geological Service (SGC).
The telluric movement began at 5:28 p.m. (local time) and had a depth of 144 kilometers, with a latitude of 6.807541622 and a longitude of -73.14674965.
In Colombia, the intensity of the earthquakes is measured with the European Macroseismic Scale (EMS-98), which starts from intensity 2, described as “barely felt” by very few people at rest; level 3 is classified as “slightly felt”, where some objects may rock.
An earthquake is considered to be of intensity 4 when it is “widely felt” by many people inside buildings and by few outside. Windows, doors and dishes vibrate. At level 5, “strongly felt”, small objects move, there is a swaying of doors or windows and slight cracks can be registered in buildings or houses.
The intensity of type 6 implies a “light damage”, in this range some people can lose their balance; some objects come to fall and many buildings have slight damage. Level 7 occurs when there is “moderate damage”, that is, heavy furniture moves and many buildings have cracks and there may be a loss of wall coverings.
Finally, at intensities above 7, “severe damage” occurs: at this point many people have difficulty standing; heavy objects fall over; and old and weak structures can collapse.
Approximately 80% of the world’s strongest tremors occur in the Pacific Ring of Fire. (Infobae file)
Considered a country with high seismic risk, Colombia is a country that is located in the Pacific Ring of Fire, a region that concentrates 75% of the volcanoes that exist in the world and where approximately 80% of the strongest tremors occur. Worldwide.
Also known as the Pacific Ring of Fire, it is made up of the mountainous area of western Argentina, Chile, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Honduras, Guatemala, Mexico, the United States and Canada, for then round off the Aleutian Islands and down the coasts and islands of Russia, Japan, Taiwan, the Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, East Timor, Brunei, Singapore, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, and New Zealand.
In the specific case of Colombia, the country is located in two important subduction areas, since on the one hand it has the Nazca plate with the South American plate and the latter also collides with the Caribbean plate, which gives way to constant trembling .
Faced with this situation, the departments of Nariño, Chocó, Caldas and Santander are the places where it trembles the most; in the latter is the municipality of Los Santos, which is the second most seismic area in the world.
Ecuador-Colombia of 1868
Two earthquakes were recorded in the border area of Ecuador and Colombia on August 15 and 16, 1868, with magnitudes of 6.3 and 6.7, the latter being the deadliest with a duration of almost one minute of movement.
The first of them was recorded in the towns of El Ángel and La Concepción; while the second earthquake left the Ecuadorian city of Ibarra completely devastated. It is believed that this movement caused around 70 thousand victims, accounting for deaths and injuries in both countries.
Cúcuta earthquake of 1875
Also called the Andes Earthquake, this tremor originated on May 18, 1875 and had a magnitude between 7.5 and 8.5 in Cúcuta, although it also affected the neighboring Venezuelan state of Táchira.
Despite the fact that some say that the number of victims of this earthquake reached 3,000, at least in the affected area of Colombia, only 461 bodies were found. From this earthquake also appeared hot springs from the sites known today as “Agua Hedionda”, “El Tampaco” and “Aguas Calientes”.
The geographical area where Colombia is located makes it a country prone to earthquakes. (Infobae)
earthquake and tsunami of 1906
An 8.8 magnitude earthquake struck Ecuador’s Esmeralda province, which borders Colombia, on January 31. This movement generated a tsunami that left 1,500 fatalities. According to information from the SGC, the waves reached five meters in height and covered the Colombian region of Tumaco.
1994 Páez earthquake
The earthquake originated in the foothills of the Central Cordillera of the Andes of Cauca, in southwestern Colombia, on June 6, 1994. It had a magnitude of 6.4 and left around 800 people dead, mainly the inhabitants of the communities close to the Páez river. This is considered the second deadliest in the country’s history.
Coffee Axis of 1999
Considered the worst earthquake in the country’s recent history, this earthquake affected the departments of Quindío and Risaralda in Colombia, leaving more than a thousand people dead.
The telluric movement occurred on January 25, 1999 and had a magnitude of 6.2. Several hospitals were affected and the resources to deal with the emergency were limited. The quake left four thousand people injured and nearly 500 missing.
Around eight thousand coffee farms were completely or partially destroyed, also 13 thousand structures of many types of companies and industries were affected.
Last earthquakes registered in Colombia