This March 8 marks Women’s Day, celebrating the achievements and struggles of women around the world, especially in Peru. A gap that still remains to be closed and that in many sectors remains to continue breaking those glass ceilings.
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In education, women play a very important role, demonstrating intellectual capacities that have led them to obtain important positions and despite the fact that it is still difficult to continue climbing, there are more companies within the private and state sector that continue to bet on it.
Infobae spoke with Kety Jáuregui, Academic Vice Chancellor of the ESAN University, to delve further into this topic and thus demonstrate that women are more than ready for new challenges, new jobs and new positions.
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“If we look a little at the statistics, this participation of women has not yet been achieved in an equitable manner and despite the fact that the fight has been going on for years, this result cannot yet be achieved in its entirety. However, there are more women who face this reality and there is more participation of them in the educational and labor market. In 2021, 11 countries were analyzed, including Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador, Peru, Uruguay, on a gender gap, in academic products, and it was identified that 42.8% participated at least one woman as author or as or author. And four countries in this study only reported one woman, at least as the author. So Peru was still in this study, as penultimate place, it did not only reach 28% what perhaps it reached in other Latin American countries, ”she said.
However, for the specialist, all is not lost, because in recent years it has been possible to see the presence of women in fundamental roles in education, highlighting the participation of the rector of the San Marcos University, who is a woman. In addition, she recognized that in the higher entity that she directs there are women holding positions that were previously only held by men.
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“Compared to eight years ago, women were not seen taking on “important” positions, now we see the participation of more women in charge. Despite the fact that these gaps still need to be overcome, let us not detract from what has been achieved, since the fact of having the presence of more women marks an important milestone because they are forging the path that many of us will follow, ”he said for our medium.
According to a report by the National Civil Service Authority (Servir), details that the participation of women in the Peruvian civil service in 2020 was similar in percentage terms to 2019, the highest average annual growth rate was maintained in the women (2.1%) in relation to men (0.8%); there is a considerable presence at the regional (57%) and national (47%) levels, but not at the local level (32%). On the other hand, it is evident that they are overrepresented in the sectors associated with life care, such as Women (72%), Health (66%) and Education (57%), which confirms the role socially attributed to care, also in the public sphere.
Regarding the labor regimes by which women are hired, there was an increase in the regime of administrative contracting of services (CAS), presenting a parity participation (51%) with respect to men (49%). However, differences persist according to occupational groups, especially in civil servants and managers.
The participation of women increased 1 percentage point with respect to the previous year and 5 percentage points in the period 2004 – 2020, the average annual growth has been 2.1%, thus reaching 48% in 2020, while men have experienced an annual growth of 0.8%. According to the level of government, the servants show greater presence in regional entities (57%), followed by national (47%) and local entities (32%).
“For example, at the university that I direct, 60% of the master’s degree is occupied by women and that gives us an indicator that more women are preparing, that more women are advancing professionally, that they are not afraid of leaving their area comfort to face new challenges. What we have left as an institution, not only private, but also public, is also to open more opportunities for low-income women so that they can also develop in their education and have more opportunities,” said Kety Jáuregui, Academic Vice Chancellor of ESAN University. for Infobae.
Regarding the degree of education, Reniec has registered 1,225,562 women with a higher education degree (6.76%), 8,456,225 women with a secondary education degree (46.64%); 3,916,975 women with primary education (21.6%); 127,986 women with technical education (0.71%) and 312,219 women with an Initial education level (1.72%), not to mention Special Education with 6,232 (0.03%) women with this education level.
In addition, there is a female group of 4,081,733 (22.51%) who have declared the condition of illiterate; and 3,766 (0.02%) who did not specify the degree of education in their DNI.
According to the National Registry of Identification and Civil Status (Reniec) announced that to date there are 18,130,698 women identified with an identity document (50% of the total registered population); Of these, 623,121 (3.44%) are located in foreign territory such as the American continent (387,359), Europe (209,259), Asia (21,877), Oceania (4,392) and Africa (234).
The largest group of the female population is between 18 to 29 years of age, with 3,413,315; 1,024,806 of this category reside in Lima, followed by La Libertad (203,626), Piura (203,211); Cajamarca (163,363) and Cusco (156,709).
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