In 1224, Saint Francis of Assisi was the first stigmatized in history. These stigmata reflect a growing need for Christians to identify with the suffering Christ.
In 1238, the future Saint Louis bought the crown of thorns at great expense, which has a more painful connotation than the usual relics of the “true Cross”.
Around 1250: First images of the suffering Christ in the Franciscan and Dominican convents of Tuscany. They will quickly replace the crucifixions showing a glorious and peaceful Christ on the Cross. The scenes of the Passion multiply in art.