The type of climate that exists in a certain region is determined by different conditions, among which are the altitude, latitude, orientation of the relief, distance to the sea and marine currents, and sets guidelines for the so-called “weather weather” which in turn is supported by in other elements such as temperature, pressure, wind, humidity and precipitation to delineate the atmospheric conditions in a territory in a short term.
To classify the climate, the system developed by Wladimir Köppen is generally used, although there is also the Thornthwaite system, the latter which also takes into account biological diversity and the effects of climate change on it. Others, such as Bergeron and Spacial Synoptic, focus on the origin of the air masses that define the climate of a region.
Due to climate change, the planet is currently undergoing a redistribution process in which any modification, however minimal, in the average annual temperature causes changes in habitats and their conditions.
In this context, here we leave you the weather for Madrid.
Weather in Madrid
During the day
Maximum temperature: 10 degrees Celsius
Rain chance: 1%
Wind gusts: 21 kilometers per hour
UV Index: 3
Minimum temperature: -1 degrees Celsius
Rain chance: 4%
Wind gusts: 26 kilometers per hour
The rainy season in Madrid is at the end of the year (Madrid City Council)
Being located in the heart of Spain, the weather in Madrid is considered to be continental Mediterranean, although it is also known as a temperate climate with dry and hot summers.
This type of weather is characterized by its mild winters and, as its name suggests, by dry and hot summers.
For the Madrid government, the minimum temperatures are recorded in winter and range from 0 degrees Celsius, while the maximum temperatures in summer reach 40 degrees Celsius.
For its part, the State Meteorological Agency (Aemet) of Spain ensures that the maximum temperature in the capital does not exceed 35 degrees Celsius, mainly to the south; Meanwhile, the average minimum temperature falls below 0 degrees Celsius, especially north of Madrid.
The maximum temperatures are present between July and August, while the minimum temperatures between January and February.
The average temperature of the city is around 15 degrees Celsius. It is worth mentioning that frosts in Madrid are frequent and snowfalls are more occasional. According to Aemet, in the southernmost part of the city there can be up to five days of snowfall per year, but in the north it easily exceeds 20 days of annual snowfall.
Regarding rainfall, in the Spanish capital the rainy season is present mainly during winter or in intermediate seasons.
At the end of the year, between October and December, as well as April and May, are the months in which it rains the most in Madrid.
The four climates of Spain
There are four main climates in Spain (Reuters)
Spain is characterized by being sunny, where the hours of sunshine are around 3 thousand hours a year. The temperatures in this Mediterranean country are mild, however, there are marked differences between seasons and different areas.
Although the Amet registers up to 13 types of climates in Spain, there are really four that predominate: oceanic, Mediterranean with cool summers, continental Mediterranean and cold steppe.
The oceanic is characterized by being temperate with cool summers, abundant rainfall and well distributed throughout the year.
In Spain it appears mainly in the north and west of Galicia, the Cantabrian Sea, the Iberian System, the northeast of the northern plateau and a large part of the Pyrenees, except for the highest areas.
The cool-summer Mediterranean, as its name implies, has dry and cool summers, as well as cold or mild winters, while most of the rain falls in winter or intermediate seasons.
This climate covers most of the northern plateau, inland Galicia and many mountainous areas in the center and south of the peninsula. In the Canary Islands, it extends widely through the interior of the islands of La Palma, El Hierro, La Gomera and Tenerife, as well as in the highest areas of Gran Canaria.
The continental Mediterranean registers temperate and rainy winters, as well as dry and hot summers.
This type of climate is present in a large part of the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. It extends over most of the southern half and the Mediterranean coastal regions, with the exception of the arid areas of the southeast.
As for the cold steppe, the winters are very cold and the summers can be mild or hot, in addition, rainfall is scarce.
This climate extends to the southeast of the peninsula, the Ebro valley, the southern plateau and, to a lesser extent, to Extemadura, the Balearic Islands and the center of the northern plateau. They are also observed on all the islands of the Canary archipelago.
During spring and autumn is when the most pleasant weather in Spain is recorded, a climate that allows you to enjoy the outdoors practically all day.
The maximum temperatures are reached during July and August, the hottest and driest months in the whole country.
While the minimum temperatures usually occur in January and February, months that also coincide with the days with the most rain, mainly in the north of Spain.
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