With the putting into circulation of the new piece alluding to the Bicentennial of the Navy-Armada of Mexico, will add 20 commemorative coins of 20 pesos that will serve as a means of payment throughout the country.
It is expected that on this day, on the 201st anniversary of the Mexican Navy, the Secretary of the Navy (Semar) present the coin to commemorate this fact.
On October 4, but in 1821, General Agustín de Iturbide, faced with the need of the young Mexican State to have a Navy to safeguard National Sovereignty, decreed the creation of the Ministry of War and Navy led by Navy Lieutenant Antonio de Medina Miranda, an act with which the history of the Mexican Navy began.
Goodbye to the 20 peso bill
The new piece will be added to the 19 coins that already change hands every day and that will serve to replace the banknote of the same denomination, since it is expected to be retired in 2025.
All coins have been manufactured by the Casa de Moneda de México with the design by the Bank of Mexico (Banxico)an institution that is also in charge of putting them into circulation by distributing them throughout the country through private banks.
The history of the 20 peso coins
They are commemorative, but they all have a value to pay in any sale and purchase transaction that is made in daily life.
There is one denominated in 20 new pesos that began to circulate in January 1993 and is in the process of being withdrawn. This is the piece with effigy of Don Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla.
Another with the image of the writer and poet Octavio Paz on the occasion of the change of millennium from the year 2000 to 2001.
Then another appeared in April 2000 with the same purpose in the turn of the millennium with the prehispanic representation of Xiuhtecuhtli “Lord of fire, Lord of the year”, holding in his hands the torch with the new fire; she is also in the process of retiring.
There is one more with Octavio Paz that was minted to commemorate the twentieth anniversary of the awarding of the Nobel Prize for Literature.
In addition, there is another one that was put into circulation to celebrate the centenary of the Mexican Army.
Also the one that remembers the 150th anniversary of the birth and 100th death anniversary of Belisario Domínguez which appeared in November 2013 to recognize the defense of democracy and the condemnation of the Huertista regime made by the senator from Chiapas.
For the centenary of the heroic deed of Veracruz A 20-peso coin was issued that bears a print on the reverse with the main motif, the portraits of Virgilio Uribe and José Azueta with the Naval Military School building below.
The centenary of the capture of Zacatecas was worth the issuance of a 20-peso piece where the equestrian figure of Francisco Villa appears on the reverse as the main motif and in the center of the field, flanked by the portraits of Generals Felipe Ángeles and Pánfilo Natera, main architects of the Taking of Zacatecas.
The centenary of the Mexican Air Force 1915–2015, was recognized with a metallic piece that circulates with an engraving of a wing, a symbol of flight and that in 1915 was used by the military aviation weapon; a five-pointed star, a representation of victory that simulates the ascent to the present time and that in 1915 was part of the shield of the military aviation weapon.
Others are the Mourning bicentennial of Generalissimo José María Morelos y Pavónfor the Centennial of the Political Constitution of the United States and for the Fiftieth anniversary of the application of the DN-III-E Planas well as the one that was minted for the 50 anniversary of the implementation of the Marine Plan.
The most recent 20 peso coins
As of the circulation in 2019 of the new 20-peso coin on the occasion of the 500 years of the Foundation of the City and Port of Veracruznew designs and security elements began to be manufactured.
Coins began to be minted in a dodecagonal shape, laser engraved and with a perimeter ring.
With these same characteristics, the 20-peso coins for the Centenary of the Death of General Emiliano Zapatafor the 700 years of the lunar foundation of Mexico City-Tenochtitlánfor the 500 years of the historical memory of Mexico-Tenochtitlánthe Bicentennial of National Independence and another to commemorate the 100 years since the arrival of the Mennonites in Mexico.
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