Bosnia Herzegovina holds divided elections. Three million 400 thousand inhabitants are called to the polls to elect the three members of the collegiate presidency and the deputies of the central Parliament. In addition, the citizens elect the deputies of the two autonomous parliaments that make up Bosnia. In total, more than 7,250 candidates from 72 parties and 30 coalitions are competing.
There are a total of 14 different Communal Governments with a total of 136 ministers. A great disparity that deepens the divisions of the country: 27 years after the war it is doing poorly economically. His imprint remains omnipresent. The ethnic groups continue to clash. Hundreds of thousands of people emigrate and reconciliation is not advancing.
“Many lose patience. Especially the young generation that ends up emigrating”, Mirhunisa Zukic, Union for a stable return to Bosnia
This is why for 12 years there have been no local elections and no mayor in Mostar. Most people vote for candidates from their ethnic group and interest in the country as a whole is almost entirely absent from the election campaign.
In the elections this Sunday, the representatives of the autonomous and central institutions of Bosnia are elected, which has a complex structure, conceived in 1995 to put an end to the worst of the wars in the former Yugoslavia.
The central State has a collegiate presidency made up of a Muslim, a Croat and a Serb representative, the “three constituent peoples” of the country.
Bosnia is made up of two autonomous entities,the Serbian Republic and the Federationthe latter with ten cantons, and all with their own governments and chambers.
Los Bosnian Croats form with bosnianmuslim a common entity, but sectors croatian nationalists they demand to improve their “legitimate representation” and accuse the more numerous Muslims of usurping their rights as a constitutive people.
The lack of agreement is blocking the entity, with a provisional government that has not changed since the 2014 elections.