The Chinese population will decrease before 2025. The country’s National Health Commission has confirmed that it will have a negative growth before that year and advocates promoting policies that boost fertility again, including the abolition of “restrictive measures”.
The information, collected today by the official Global Times newspaper, appears in an article published in the state magazine Oiushi Journal and is the first time that the authorities openly acknowledge that the Chinese population -1.412 million people according to the 2021 census- will decrease in brief.
The birth rate has fallen to 1.3% in recent years and it is expected that by 2035 people over the age of sixty will account for almost a third of the population, compared to 18% today.
The country’s law does not allow single women to freeze their eggs, except for exceptions, but it does allow men to preserve their sperm, a discrimination that has sparked debate in recent years.
“In the past we focused on population control, but now we must focus on raising the level of fertility, improving the quality and structure of the population, optimizing its distribution and promoting balanced and long-term population development,” the report states.
Among the measures that it suggests to promote the birth rate are policies to support housing, education, health, employment and the payment of taxes aimed at families with children in order to “reduce the burden of childrearing, stimulate the desire of families to grow up and create a child-friendly social atmosphere.
Since last year, China has allowed its citizens to have a third child, but the measure has been received with little enthusiasm among the population due to the economic burden it entails and the priority that many women decide to give to their careers.
The Asian giant has not registered a population decline since the beginning of the 1960s, when the famine caused by the state policy of the ‘Great Leap Forward’ caused the death of some thirty million people, according to estimated calculations.