The bison is the new king of Romania’s virgin forests since it was recently reintroduced into the wild after being declared extinct around 200 years ago.
It disappeared in the middle of the 19th century due to intense hunting. But the bison is one of the so-called “umbrella species” as it allows both the flora and fauna in its environment to thrive.
For this reason, conservationists and NGOs have worked hard to recover them.
“We have a project that will last until mid-2024 and our goal is to reach 75 bison… we believe it is possible, and we hope to exceed this figure because soon more calves will be born,” Calin Serban, a conservation specialist, told Euronews. of the Carpathian Foundation in Romania.
“We are part of a European project supported by the European Commission and its objective is to restore damaged ecosystems,” explains Victoria Donos, communication director of the FCC group in Romania.
“The bison is known as an ‘umbrella species’ due to its feeding habits: it is a herbivore, so it maintains the health of the pastures and creates space, microhabitats, for other species. We can proudly say that Romania is one of the few countries where the bison has found its place in the natural habitat”, says Adrian Aldea, Director of Rehabilitation of the same entity.
Hyphen, for example, the first of 28 adult bison released into the wild in the mountains of Romania. He weighs almost a ton, as you can see he is a huge animal and we are very lucky to meet him now as he is the friendliest bison in the herd.
The Southern Carpathians are an important natural heritage of the old continent and the virgin forests of Romania represent 65% of the total area left in Europe today.
“Romania has a lot of natural resources, it has huge wood resources, the largest remaining mixed forest in Europe, but we have to regulate and sustainably manage the trees, replant with the right ones, and make sure the next generation inherits a bigger forest. bigger than the one we have now,” says Charlie Ottley, a conservationist.