Given the increase in cases in the country where women are attacked with acid, federal deputies from all parties presented an initiative to the Permanent Commission of the Congress of the Union that seeks criminalize acid attacks on women.
The penalty would be up to 16 years for those who attack women with acids, either directly or by a third party.
The initiative proposed by the deputies aims to amend article 294 of the Federal Penal Code and states: “this form of violence exercised mainly against women is carried out with the purpose of seeking revenge for jealousy, sexual or romantic rejections, these being some of the reasons why the perpetrators act”.
According to the Acid Survivors Trust International (ASTI), the main victims of attacks with acid or other corrosive substances are womenThis is why it is a specific initiative of gender violence against women.
The initiative also highlights that this type of attack causes a immediate damage to the body of women, causing burning, pain, disfigurement and long-term rehabilitation, so acid attacks not only cause permanent burns, but also psychological traumas.
The Mexican State, by classifying this crime, would have an information system that would help to have a clear diagnosis of the cases and their characteristics in Mexico.
Sentences of 5 to 16 years in prison
If article 294 is reformed, they would be imposed five to eight years in prison who by himself or through another person causes injury to any person leaving physical, motor, psychological or economic damage, using acids or corrosive, caustic, irritant, toxic or flammable substances.
In cases where the damage is to the face, neck, arm, hand, or affect the functionality of the sexual organs, a third of the initial penalty provided for in the same article will be aggravated.
Luz Raquél Padilla was also attacked with acid
This initiative is presented a week after the death of Luz Raqué Padilla, who died days after her neighbor burned her alive.
She herself denounced on Twitter on Tuesday, May 17, months before her death, that her neighbor had sprayed her with industrial bleach: “Help, my assailant attacked me with industrial chlorine and my left breast is bad and the death threats are daily because my neighbor is my assailant.”
Luz Raquel survived this attack in the chest area, for which she filed a complaint with the Zapopan police station.
But, according to the organization Yo Cuido México, He did not receive “due attention or follow-up on his complaint”, and she requested to be integrated into the “Pulse of Life” program to receive protection, but she was denied “as they considered that the threats she received from ‘third parties’ were not sufficient cause.”
28 recorded attacks in Mexico
In Mexico there are no official figures, but the Carmen Sánchez Foundation has registered 28 victims of acid attacks in the last two decades.
There are 28 registered victims, but there could be more since there are cases that are not classified as such, that are not reported, or that are not adequately followed up by the authorities, as in the case of Luz Raquel.
Acid Survivors Trust International, a specialized organization that works with the United Nations, calculates that there are at least 1,500 attacks of this type in the world every year, more than 80% of them against women, and there are more and more cases in Latin America.
Gender violence Acid Chamber of Deputies Women Attacks Luz Raquel Padilla Penal Code
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