The success that K-pop has achieved in recent years is indisputable: daily words and phrases are seen in hangul (Korean letters) dominating the world trends on Twitter, its exponents add millions of reproductions every time they launch a music video on YouTube, they are nominated for outstanding awards such as the Grammys and lead the most important rankings such as those of Billboard o iTunes.
With their perfectly synchronized choreographies, their catchy songs and the mixture of genres and styles that make them up, it is to be expected that many streaming platforms will show interest in measuring the impact of K-pop and make lists such as the Top K-pop Songs from iTunes.
Based on the number of downloads or digital purchases made through the Apple system, the iTunes K-pop ranking is available for daily consultation in at least 39 countries, including Colombia, so it is a count that is worth worth checking out to find out the favorite singles of the moment and not be left behind in the trends.
Here are the 10 best K-pop songs from iTunes Colombia:
Song: Butter (Sweeter Remix)
Song: = (Equal Sign)
Song: What If…
Song: Safety Zone
Song: Pandora’s Box
Song: Permission to Dance
Song: Music Box : Reflection
what is k pop
BTS members promoting their song “Butter” in Seoul, South Korea on May 21, 2021. (Photo: REUTERS/Kim Hong-Ji/File)
Modern K-pop (from the English “Korean pop”) has its origins in the 1990s with the debut of the popular group Seo Taiji and Boys in 1992, known for incorporating Western music genres such as rap, hip-hop, and western music into their songs. hop, rock, jazz, electronics and techno.
This trio, made up of Seo Taiji, Yang Hyun-suk and Lee Juno, made their debut on an MBC network talent show with the song Nan Arayo, perplexing the jury, which gave them the lowest ratings. However, the success that this single established on radio and television was resounding, which gave way to the release of more songs of that style and more artists who bet on it.
It was not until 1995 when producer Lee Soo Man created one of the firms that to date remain a “heavyweight” in the music industry, SMEntertainment; while former Seo Taiji & Boys member Yang Hyun Suk created YG Entertainment (1996); followed by JYP Entertainment (1997), established by singer Park Jin Young.
These three companies were long called the “Big 3” ‒until BTS’s success with BigHit Entertainment (now known as Hybe Labels)‒ and were dedicated to training the first generations of idolsin order to meet the demand of the Korean public to want to see younger artists.
Along this path, the group HOT was one of the first to debut in the industry, followed by others who made up the well-known “first generation of K-pop” such as Sechs Kies, SES, Fin.KL, NRG, Baby VOX, Diva, Shinhwa and god
At the beginning of the new millennium, some of the groups of idols that had debuted were without activities while others like Baby Vox triumphed in various regions of Asia, an example of this their song song Coincidence which was promoted in the 2003 Soccer World Cup and ranked first on the Chinese music charts.
Along with others idols that were released as soloists also marked a milestone: BoA, the first Korean singer to top the Oricon chart in Japan, a chart equivalent Billboard but Asian and in which artists from other countries rarely manage to enter and Rain, an actor and singer who gave a concert for 40 thousand people in Beijing.
Later, the so-called “second generation of K-pop” would begin, again in the hands of groups that were made up of young figures such as TVXQ (debuting in 2003), SS501 (2005), Super Junior (2005), BIGBANG (2006), as well as girl groups like Wonder Girls (2007), Girls Generation (2007), and KARA (2007).
A brief tour of the history of K-pop. (Illustration: Anayeli Tapia)
By 2008, South Korea was already leading the entertainment market in Asia with an annual growth rate of over 10% in exports of its music and television products with K-dramas even accounting for 68% of the music market. in Japan, ahead of China (11.2%) and the United States (2.1%).
Later, more groups like SHINee or INFINITE would emerge, the latter who managed to secure the record of being the first to head the list of emerging artists of Billboard in 2014 with his song Last Romeo; 2PM, EXO, 2IN1, until reaching the third generation of K-pop, which includes new groups such as BTS, Seventeen, GOT7, Twice, Red Velvet, BLACKPINK, MAMAMOO, among others, until the current fourth generation, which is all those who debuted between 2017 and 2018 like Stray Kids, ITZY, Ateez, Astro and more.
It is worth mentioning that a watershed that should be considered is Gangnam Style by rapper PSY, a song that not only managed to break unimaginable records on music platforms like YouTube, but also went around the world and showed that language was not a barrier to success in highly competitive countries such as the American industry. .
To date, the baton as the greatest exponents of K-pop is held by the group BTS ‒composed of Suga, RM, Jin, Jimin, J-Hope, V and Jungkook‒, who in addition to dominating the music industry in Korea of the South and establish their fame in the rest of the world, they have been named as “Trend Leader of Asia” by The Economist and “Artists of the Year” by the magazine TIMEgoing through his nominations for the Grammy awards and his 10 awards Billboard.
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