4 out of 10 businessmen consulted by Coparmex claimed to have experienced an act of corruption (Photo: EFE/Esteban Biba)
According to a survey carried out by the Employers’ Confederation of the Mexican Republic (Coparmex) and Mexicans against Corruption and Impunity (MCCI), the largest companies in Mexico are the ones that register corruption most frequently (46.2%), followed by the medium (45%), small (39.6%) and micro (33%).
The survey was carried out among members of the Confederation between March and April of the current year, in which 39% of those surveyed claimed to have experienced some act of corruption, that is, 4 out of 10 businessmen. This figure represented an increase compared to the historical average, which is 36.4%, said the president of Coparmex, José Medina Mora Icaza.
According to the results of #MxSinCorrupción, the sectors in which the highest levels of this type of crime were recorded were energy, water and gas, as well as wholesale trade and corporate services, while the mass media they were the ones that reported the lowest percentage.
Chiapas, Quintana Roo and Coahuila were the entities with the highest perception of corruption, said the MCCI researcher, Claudia Torres, who explained that 53% of the partners surveyed consider that these types of acts are frequently committed in the country.
75% of the partners surveyed, despite having witnessed this crime, did not report it or denounce it to any authority (Photo: EFE/Jos Mendez/Archive)
On the contrary, the states with the lowest perception of this crime were Tabasco, Tlaxcala and Guerrero. For her part, the president of the Coparmex Business Ethics and Integrity Committee, Leonor Quiroz Carrillo, pointed out that 55.9% of the partners who were consulted indicated that state governments have experienced more acts of corruption.
Likewise, 54.0% claimed to have received it at the municipal level and 46.2% at the federal level. Regarding the spheres of government, 60.3% indicated finding corruption at one level, 21.2% at two levels and 18.5% at all three.
However, close to 75%, despite having witnessed this crime, did not report it or denounce it to any authority, which is why the importance of fostering a culture of reporting was emphasized so that these types of practices are eradicated
Of the remaining percentage that did file a complaint, 42% commented that, although their complaint was received, no legal procedure was followed, while 26% indicated that some type of sanction was in process. However, 11% assured that no sanction was obtained against the person or persons responsible and only 5% mentioned that the complaint filed was resolved and those involved were sanctioned.
The president of MCCI, María Amparo Casar, indicated that there is a need for a dialogue between companies, authorities and civil society organizations to combat corruption in Mexico (Photo: [email protected])
This lack of complaints is due to the fact that 31% of the partners consulted by MCCI and Coparmex indicated that “it is useless to report”, although it is worth mentioning that 23% did not do so for fear of reprisals, 3% did not know where to do it anymore another 3% asked him for money.
Although more than 40% assured that their companies have codes of ethics, internal audit processes, anti-corruption policies, anti-money laundering and complaint systems, the fight against corruption in the country still has a long way to go.
In this regard, the president of MCCI, María Amparo Casar, commented that there must be a dialogue between companies, authorities and civil society organizations so that these types of acts are not commented on in the business sector or in the government. And she assured that, despite the results, “Mexico is not condemned to be a corrupt country.”
According to the Index of Capacity to Combat Corruption (CCC), presented each year by the Council of the Americas to measure the effectiveness with which Latin American countries can combat corruption, in this 2022 Mexico fell from 11th place to 12, because the report noted that President Andrés Manuel López Obrador has severely criticized the Judiciary and has even proposed eliminating the Executive Secretariat of the National Anticorruption System.
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