This Tuesday was published in the Official Gazette of the Federation the Mobility and Road Safety Law, issued by the Congress of the Union to reduce accidents that cause injuries and even death to thousands of pedestrians, bicyclists and motorists each year.
The new legislation contemplates the application of a breathalyzer throughout the country and establishes coordination mechanisms between the authorities of the three levels of government and society in terms of mobility and road safety.
In accordance with the legal system, Breathalyzer tests will be applied permanently throughout the country for vehicle drivers, which will be stricter for those who drive motorcycles and vehicles for the transport of passengers and cargo.
“It is prohibited to drive with a blood alcohol level greater than 0.25 mg/L in exhaled air or 0.05 g/dL in blood”, but in the case of motorcycle drivers the prohibition will be from a maximum of 0.1 mg/L in exhaled air or 0.02 d/ dL in blood, while drivers of passenger or freight transport are prohibited from driving with any concentration of alcohol.
The sanctions for those who fail to comply with the measure are not established in the law, since will be determined by the authorities of the three orders of government.
On the other hand, the new law establishes speed limits “based on national or international scientific evidence, in order to keep them below a safety threshold that is essential to safeguard the life and integrity of users.”
In this way, these are the maximum speeds that should not be exceeded in the following roads:
a) 30 km/h on secondary streets and tertiary streets.
b) 50 km/h on primary avenues without controlled access.
c) 80 km/h in central lanes of avenues with controlled access.
d) 80 km/h on state highways outside urban areas; 50 km/h within urban areas.
e) 110 km/h for automobiles, 95 km/h for buses and 80 km/h for the transport of goods and merchandise on highways and highways under federal jurisdiction.
In addition, it stipulates the mandatory use of helmets for drivers and passengers of motorcycles and the prohibition of talking on a cell phone or any other electronic or communication device, as well as reading and/or sending text messages through any type of electronic device, unless it is done using hands-free technology.
The new legal system states that the competent authorities within the scope of their powers “must guarantee that mobility is available to all people under equal conditions, without discrimination based on gender, age, disability or condition, at affordable costs and with information clear and timely, prioritizing groups in situations of vulnerability, both in urban, rural and insular areas”.
The new Mobility Law will come into force from this Wednesdayalthough the Congress of the Union and the local legislatures have a maximum period of 180 days to approve the necessary reforms to harmonize the laws on the matter.
It is worth mentioning that the traffic regulations and other regulations applicable throughout the country are the responsibility of the municipal authorities, but they must be governed by the minimum traffic measures stipulated in the Law of Mobility and Road Safety.
According to official figures, an average of 44 people die daily in Mexico due to road accidents and many more suffer temporary or permanent injuries, of which 130,000 are disabled each year.