In its weekly “Desde a fe”, the Catholic Church in Mexico criticized the ruling of the Electoral Court of the Judicial Power of the Federation (TEPJF) that ordered the Ministry of the Interior (Segob) to sanction the archbishop emeritus of Guadalajara, Juan Sandoval Íñiguez and to the Archbishop Primate, Carlos Aguiar.
The foregoing, “for finding the ministers of worship guilty of having impacted with their personal statements in the federal electoral process last year.”
But what did Juan Sandoval do and what sanction could he receive?
The Cardinal Emeritus of Guadalajara, Juan Sandoval Iñiguez, was accused of proselytism, that is, the Court considered that during the development of the electoral day for the elections of June 6, 2021, the minister, Within the acts of his work, he pressured and/or induced the sense of the vote of the community that follows him to vote or not vote for any candidate or party.
The above occurred in October of last year after the election in the municipality of Tlaquepaque gave victory to Citlalli Amaya of Movimiento Ciudadano, after one of the challenges presented by the former candidate for mayor of Tlaquepaque, Alberto Maldonado.
As considered by Maldonado Chavarín, the call made by the cardinal through a video on his social networks, on May 31, 2021, incited citizens not to vote for Morena, the party he represented. “Thus breaking with the provisions of the Mexican Constitution regarding the separation of Church-State powers.”
“This message is a reflection or an insistence before you to proceed properly because if those in power win, the dictatorship will come, that is, the liberator will be lost, because it is a socialist communist system that enslaves, just look at the peoples who have fallen into it. The economy is also at stake, already very damaged, very damaged, but if they have all the faculties to their liking, we will be very poor like this Venezuela or like this Cuba,” the cardinal then said, referring to Morena, according to what he determined. the court.
It was because of such declarations that the Tlaquepaque elections were annulled, and with it the victory given to Citlalli Amaya, and calls to be repeated on November 21. After that Sunday, Amaya de Luna returned to position herself as the one chosen to lead the municipality by the Movimiento Ciudadano party.
Sanctions that Juan Sandoval Íñiguez could receive
Based on the Court’s ruling, the Ministry of the Interior must evaluate the sanction to be applied against the archbishop for violating the principle of political proselytism.
Based on the foregoing and in accordance with article 130 of the Mexican Constitution, which establishes the separation of Church-State powers (the same that the cardinal violated according to the Court), Sandoval íñiguez could receive sanctions ranging from a ; a fine of up to twenty thousand days of minimum wage; the temporary or definitive closure of his position; the temporary suspension of religious association rights in Mexico, Jalisco or Guadalajara, until the cancellation of the religious association registration.
In addition, according to article 16 of the General Law on Electoral Crimes, Sandoval Íñiguez could receive a fine that could range from 100 to 500 days of fine, based on the net daily perception of the offender at the time of consummation. the crime.
If the minimum wage in Mexico were taken into account, the fine would be equivalent to an amount between approximately 17,287 to 84,410 pesos, however, everything would depend on the salary received by the minister.