The capital of Kazakhstan hosts on December 21 and 22 the Astana peace process to address the current situation in Syria.
Delegations from Russia, Turkey and Iran attend the meetings alongside the Syrian government and opposition. The United States, Jordan, Lebanon and Iraq are also expected to attend as observers.
“No outside power of the major donors, such as the United States and the European Union, wants to finance the reconstruction process so as not to support the regime. So, in many ways, the situation is stuck,” according to Chris Doyle, Director of the Council for the Arab-British understanding (Caabu).
The process has started with bilateral and tripartite meetings on peacekeeping in de-escalation areas, in line with the agreements previously reached.
Completing the agenda for these two days are the distribution of humanitarian aid, the re-founding of the work of the Syrian Constitutional Committee in Geneva, the exchange of prisoners and the search for their similarities.
The Astana talks began in 2017 with Turkey, Russia and Iran as guarantors.