As a threat to federalism, a form of political organization in Mexico that establishes the alliance between the states that make up the country, it is as senators who participated in the panel “The future of federalism”, developed virtually within the framework of the FIL Guadalajara They described the Morena party and the decisions made by the federal Executive.
Dante Delgado, senator for the Citizen Movement, explained that since the arrival of Morena to the Government of the Republic, the autonomy of the governors of each state was violated because the “superdelegates” were established, giving the latter the powers to surrender of programs and establishment of plans and actions destined to the benefit of the citizens, thus invading the state faculties.
Also, he said, Morena has established a centralist system that has sought to bring together most of the powers and faculties to lead the nation, causing damage that is already visible, for example, in the consequences left by the COVID-19 pandemic. , among which are the one that Mexico ranks as the fourth nation with the most deaths from the virus and the increase in deprivation and inequality, as well as the slow progress in vaccination.
To the panel, in which the rector of the University of Guadalajara, Ricardo Villanueva, welcomed its participants, the senator for Morena, Ricardo Monreal, was also invited, however, as announced by the moderator of the forum, Mauricio Merino, he canceled “ last minute ”your participation.
“The main challenge for federalism in Mexico I think is Morena, a pity that no colleague of Morena was present, because clearly we see that he has a centralist vision and every time we see steps to deposit power in a single person, who is the President of the Republic. Every time we are seeing how the division of powers, which is so important in a republic, is deteriorating. We are seeing challenges that we have seen but we have not seen with such intensity, such as organized crime, ”said the PRI senator, Mario Zepeda Gastélum, representing Osorio Chong.
During his participation, the PAN senator, Julem Rementería, spoke about the need to establish new rules regarding fiscal federalism so that the states can make better use of the resources it produces regarding the contributions it gives to the federation, although he said, it is not It is necessary to break the existing fiscal pact, but rather to renegotiate so that the extra resources produced by municipalities and states remain for themselves in order to meet their local responsibilities.
“It is therefore urgent to convene a national tax convention, especially to be able to review and assess the effort made by states and municipalities to collect local taxes and make those governments less dependent on federal transfers. It is not about breaking or abandoning the fiscal pact, but about updating and improving the agreement and the powers of the federation, state and municipalities, both in income and in spending. The formula must be changed, it will have to be studied ”, added Rementería del Puerto.
Contrary to them, Israel Zamora, senator for the Green Ecologist Party of Mexico on behalf of Manuel Velasco, stated that federalism, as a unique requirement of state autonomy, should not be the only tool to generate Mexican society and its political organization, since for many years the state governments moved away from their citizens and stopped listening to their needs, in addition to not considering that there is a centralism, but only changed the allocation of responsibilities.
“What I do believe is that it is a task of all the bodies that execute public power, the three levels of government, that there must be a greater rapprochement. While the population of Mexico increases, from 2010 to 2021 by 13.7 million, the demand for the attention of individual needs has also grown. The federalism that we have to address is that the municipal level should attend to the closest needs, and right now it is exceeded, ”he said.
An example of this, he said, is the insecurity that municipalities have not been able to cope with, causing the state government and then the federal government to begin to support them. Then, he concluded, it is necessary to strengthen municipalities and states so that they can meet their basic needs by themselves, and thus avoid asking for extraordinary help from the federation (even if it is in opposition) to solve the problems that should be addressed, origin, by themselves.