Mexico and the United States agreed partially resume the “Stay in Mexico”, a program from the era of Donald Trump, through which migrants must wait in the country for the response to their asylum applications in the neighboring nation, the Ministry of Foreign Relations (SRE) reported on Thursday.
“Mexico has decided that, for Humanitarian reasons and temporarily, certain migrants who have an appointment to appear before an immigration judge in the United States to request asylum will not return to their countries of origin, “the SRE said in a statement.
He also assured that they will be applied “measures against COVID-19, such as medical checks “and that there will be” availability of vaccines for migrants “waiting at the border for their appointments in the US immigration courts.
The government of US President Joe Biden this year repealed that controversy “Stay in Mexico” that had been promoted by his predecessor, Donald Trump (2017-2021), and which was highly criticized by human rights organizations. However, the Judiciary invalidated that attempt by Biden to terminate the program and ordered to resume it, and since then, his government has held negotiations with the Mexican on the parameters in which this initiative would be implemented again. In your statement.
US will make changes in protection protocols to migrants
In the United States, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) reported that once Mexico reactivates its program to receive migrants, it will make some changes in its migrant protection protocols (MPP) to make more agile the process and respond to Mexico’s concerns.
One of the main commitments of the United States is that the asylum application processes be “completed in six months” once the applicant is returned to Mexico and streamline communication and information provided to migrants.
The ports of entry in which the program will be applied once it is fully in force will be those of San Diego and Calexico (California), in addition to Nogales (Arizona), and in four points of Texas: El Paso, Eagle Pass , Laredo, and Brownsville, according to DHS.
Asked about the reactivation of “Stay in Mexico” in her daily press conference, White House spokeswoman Jen Psaki stressed that Biden “continues to believe” that this program has “endemic defects and assumes an unjustifiable human cost“Psaki remarked that now what the government is doing is complying with a court order.
On the border with Mexico there are migrants who have had to wait more than a year for their hearings and as of March 2020, due to the covid-19 pandemic, the process has been delayed even more.
Migrants wait more than a year
The United States promised that all who are enrolled in the MPP will be vaccinated.
Mexico, which for years refused to receive migrants back, accepted Trump’s policies after the arrival of Andrés Manuel López Obrador to the presidency in December 2018.
With Biden’s accession to the White House, the entry of migrants, mostly Central Americans, to Mexico with the dream of being able to go to the United States was reactivated.
More than 190,000 migrants have been detected by Mexican authorities between January and September, three times more than in 2020. Some 74,300 have been deported.