Various regions of China decided give at least 30 additional days of maternity leave to promote birth rates in the face of an aging population and the decrease in the number of active people.
Since this year, in addition, the authorities authorize the Chinese to have three children. This is how it seeks to relaunch the birth rate, which in 2020 reached the lowest level in 40 years.
The Beijing municipal government announced on Friday that women will now be able to take 158 days of maternity leave (30 more than before).
Similar measures were announced in Shanghai, the country’s most populous city (25 million inhabitants).
In the coastal province of Zhejiang (east), mothers of a second or third newborn may be 188 days (26 weeks), the official Xinhua news agency said.
Legislation at the national level establishes a minimum maternity leave of 98 days.
These measures sparked discussions found on social media. Celebrated by the majority, on Weibo, some netizens complain that the length of paternity leave remains unchanged: 15 days in Beijing and Zhejiang, 10 in Shanghai.
“Companies are going to favor men to the detriment of women,” said a netizen on Weibo.
After three decades of “one child policy”, China buried this rule in 2016.
But the impulses of the authorities seem to have little effect on households, which must cope with the rising cost of living, of education and accommodation.
The birth rate in 2020 stood at 8.52 births per thousand inhabitants, the lowest figure since there is data, in 1978.