To work with migrants and, mainly, refugees in Jalisco, especially with women and adolescents, the state government in conjunction with civil society organizations, the private sector, the Mexican Commission for Refugee Assistance (COMAR) and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), installed an Inter-institutional Roundtable on Refugee and Complementary Protection.
Paola Lazo Corvera, secretary of Substantive Equality between Women and Men, affirmed that nine out of 10 Central American women who travel through the country do so by land and use different routes due to the degree of vulnerability to which they are exposed, unlike men. He highlighted that 24 to 80% go through experience of sexual violence when migrating.
In addition, although Mexico is the second country with the most migrants, in recent years, due to the increase in poverty and violence, it is increasingly a nation of transit, host and refuge for others.
For this reason, he assured that since 2020 they have been carrying out actions from the Secretariat for the benefit of refugee women that result in this table with a gender perspective.
Andrés Alfonso Ramírez Silva, COMAR General Coordinator, added that in the institution the needs increase “but not necessarily the support, so the collaboration of the states and secretariats has been important and key.”
In turn, Filippo Grandi, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, pointed out that the inclusion of refugees in labor and social, educational and educational assistance programs are essential for them to have the instruments to stabilize and rebuild their lives.
“Mexico is a country that becomes a destination for many refugees and emigrants, so there must be real possibilities for them to access the labor market with decent jobs and a social protection system. There are those who feel part of the community and thus contribute to development, “he said.
He added that the labor integration program is an example of “how by joining efforts with the economic sector, solutions that benefit everyone can be achieved,” since with this it was achieved that the first 10,000 people accompanied by UNHCR to enter the labor market generated almost 70 million pesos a year in tax revenue.
“Now at UNHCR we call it the ‘Mexican model’, as it is an example of effective integration. This is also the case in Jalisco and I hope it can be replicated in other locations.”, he stressed.
Giovanni Lepri, UNHCR Representative in Mexico reported that they are now in the process of documenting 500 people who are no longer going to be refugees, but Mexicans
The governor of Jalisco concluded by stating that different ministries have given attention to migrants and refugees.