The Spanish composer Luis de Pablo died this Sunday in Madrid at the age of 91, according to sources close to the family cited by various media.
Luis de Pablo, a prolific creator, was an avant-garde composer of serial and random music, and one of the greatest representatives of contemporary Spanish music, as well as National Music Award in 1991 and professor at the Madrid Auditorium.
Belonging to the generation of Spanish composers baptized as Generación del 51, he played a pioneering work in the dissemination of contemporary cult music in Spain and was the creator of the first electroacoustic music laboratory in Spain.
He presided over Juventudes Musicales Españolas (1960-1963), organized the first Biennial of Contemporary Music in Madrid (1964), directed with his group ‘Alea’ the first electronic music laboratory in Spain, and created the first musical work with the IBM computer (1966).
His training, essentially self-taught, was completed in Madrid, and guided by Maurice Ohana, Max Deutsch and others. He graduated in Law, also in Madrid, in 1952.
His first compositions, influenced by Falla, Debussy, Bartók and Mompou, date back to the 50s, and the later study of the compositional technique of Olivier Messiaen, as well as the meditation of ‘Doctor Faust’, by Thomas Mann, transferred him to his early avant-garde works, such as ‘Gargoyles’ (1953), ‘Eucharistic Choir’ (1954), ‘Symphonies’ (1954-66), ‘Inventions’ (1955), ‘Concerto for harpsichord’ (1956) or ‘Sonata for piano’ (1958), among others.
He formed the group ‘Nueva Música’, in Madrid, in 1958, together with the composers Ramón Barce, Alberto Blancafort, Cristobal Halffter, Manuel Moreno-Buendía and Antón García Abril; He appeared in the group ‘Música Abierta’ (1959) in Barcelona, and founded the group ‘Tiempo y Música’, a stage in which he composed ‘Móvil I’ for two pianos.
He represented Spain at the Festival of the International Society of Contemporary Music (SIMC) 1967 in Prague, and that year he contracted exclusively with editions Salabert, from Paris.
He premiered his symphony ‘Tinieblas en el agua’ (1978) in Metz (France), and taught in 1979 at the Swedish Institute for Culture, and in Spanish music courses at the Chigiana Academy of Siena (Italy).
President of the Spanish section of the SIMC since 1981, and artistic advisor to the Lille Festival (1982), in April 1983 he premiered ‘Kiu’, the first of his operas, at the Teatro de la Zarzuela.
1983 Spanish Red Cross Gold MedalThe album ‘The sound of war’ was released for this purpose, and that same year he was appointed director of the Center for the Diffusion of Contemporary Music.
His composition ‘Portrait imaginé’ (1974-75), commissioned by the University of Ottawa, was released in October 1984, and somewhat after suffering a heart attack; and that same year he formed part of the committee for the project of the construction of the Opera de La Bastille, in Paris.
He was elected a member of the San Fernando Royal Academy of Fine Arts in February 1989, replacing the Cádiz composer José Muñoz Molleda.
His opera ‘The indiscreet traveler’, with a text by Vicente Molina Foix, and the first of a trilogy, was premiered in March 1990 at the Teatro de la Zarzuela.
Finalist for the Prince of Asturias Award for the Arts 1990, 1995 and 1996, premiered at the Metz Festival his composition ‘Figura en el mar’ for flute and orchestra, commissioned by the French Government.
He was the author of the music for some 26 films, as emblematic as’ Crimen de doble filo ‘(1964, Borau),’ De cuerpo presente ‘(1965, Eceiza),’ La Caza ‘(1965, Saura),’ Peppermint Frappé ‘(1967, Saura),’ La Madriguera ‘(1969),’ The Challenges’ (1969, Erice), ‘The secret intentions’ (1969, Eceiza),’ The Garden of Delights’ (1970, Saura), ‘Ana and the wolves’ (1972, Saura) , ‘The Spirit of the Beehive’ (1973, Erice), ‘Pascual Duarte’ (1975, Franco), ‘Reina Zanahoria’ (1977, Suárez) and ‘To an unknown God’ (1977, Chávarri).
Knight of Arts and Letters awarded by the French Government (1973), Luigi Dallapicolla Prize (1979), Official Medal of the Order of Arts and Letters (1986) of the French Government, Gold Medal for Merit in Fine Arts Spanish Arts (1986), Medal of the city of Rennes (1988), Gold Medal of the city of Lille (1989), 1967 ‘Pueblo’ Daily Popularity Award, 1991 Comúsica Award, 2002 Madrid Community Award and Arthur Honegger 2003 to all of his work.
He was an honorary doctorate in 1977 from the Complutense University of Madrid.
Recently in 2020 he received the Golden Lion of Music at the Venice Biennale